South Africans are not the world’s biggest alcohol consumers

South Africans outdrink all other nations, according to South Africa’s minister of trade and industry Rob Davies.

Davies claimed that “South Africa currently has the highest level of alcohol consumption in the world” at a press briefing where he released the National Liquor Amendment Bill for public comment.

The Bill proposes, among other things, raising the minimum drinking age in South Africa to 21 years.

Is the minister’s claim true?

Source of department’s statistic unknown

Africa Check contacted the department’s spokesman for comment on how they arrived at these figures but he did not respond to emails and phone calls.

It’s unclear where these percentages come from or what they refer to.

How much do South Africans drink?

Its 2014 report shows that total per capita alcohol consumption in South Africa was 11 litres in 2010 – 18.4 litres for males and 4.6 litres for females. When only looking at those that drink, per capita consumption for drinkers of both sexes rose to 27.1 litres of pure alcohol, contained in beer, wine, spirits and other alcoholic drinks.

total of 59.4% of South Africans abstained from drinking alcohol over the period studied, according to the report. This was made up of 42% of South Africans who had never drank alcohol and 17.3% who used to drink but had stopped.

SA 31st for total alcohol consumption

The latest WHO data shows that South Africa is not the highest ranked country in the world for alcohol consumption.

The country was ranked 31st highest in the world for total alcohol consumed per capita (11 litres per person) in 2010. Belarus took the top spot with a per capita consumption of 17.5 litres.

WHO data shows that global average alcohol consumption was 6.3 litres per person in 2010, which translates to 13.5 grams of pure alcohol per day. In Africa, average alcohol consumption was 6 litres per person.

Drinkers’ consumption much higher

Richard Matzopoulous, a senior scientist at theSouth African Medical Research Council’s Burden of Disease Research Unit, whose research includes looking at the relationship between alcohol and violence, thought Davies may have been mistaken.

He pointed out that “what South Africa is renowned for is one of the highest per capita rates of drinking among the drinking population.”

When this is considered, South Africa climbs to 12th place. The data shows that South African drinkers drank on average 27.1 litres of alcohol in 2010.

South Africa was ranked 59th highest in the world for heavy episodic drinking among those who drink. Drinking at least 60 grams or more of pure alcohol on at least one occasion in the past 30 days will place a drinker in this category.

Conclusion: The claim is incorrect according to the most recent WHO data

South Africa does not have the highest level of alcohol consumption in the world. Based on WHO per capita alcohol consumption data, South Africa was ranked 31st.

The country scores higher when it comes to average alcohol consumption among those who drink. It was ranked 11th highest, with drinkers consuming 27.1 litres each in 2010.

This is certainly very high and according to WHO data the risk profile of such drinking places South Africa at level 4, on a scale from 1 being the least risky to 5 being the most.

 Researched by Vinayak Bhardwaj, edited by Kate Wilkinson and Noko Makgato. 

*Article researched and supplied by Africa Check. Follow them on Facebook and Twitter for more groundbreaking stories.

 

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